The history of archaeological research

First years after the registration, The Museum of Gumelnita Culture, which didn’t had yet certified archaeologists, worked with specialists from The Institute of Archaeology, which funded the research and some of the artefacts had entered in the patrimony of the museum.

That been said, it funded the research of the fortified medieval village of "Căldarea", Coconi, survey lead by the specialist Nicolae Constantinescu, and the museum gained a large number of objects./p>

It funded the research of Cătălui Monastery, from the village Căscioarele, survey lead by Gheorghe Cantacuzino, helped by the museum employee, the curator George Trohani./p>

In 1960, it funded the stratigraphic survey from Gumelniţa, research lead by the professor Vladimir Dumitrescu./p>

Between 1961 and 1968 it funded the research from Căscioarele-Ostrovel, led by Vladimir Dumitrescu and Barbu Ionescu (the museum manager from that period) was part of the surveys that took place there. Although the museum financed almost all the research from Ostrovel, it didn’t get a share cut of the objects, only few items that were unimportant./p>

Between 1968-1971, working alongside with the researcher Mihai Sâmpetru from The Institute of Archaeology, Bucharest systematic surveys had been made in Curcani - "La Moară" and "La Potcoava" (settlements from the forth, ninth and tenth centuries A.C.), in Chirnogi- "La Şcoală" (landmarks from ninth and tenth centuries A.C.) and in Popeşti-Vasilaţi "Zootehnic tehnic" where it had been researched a settlement from sixth century A.C., Ciurel Culture and a necropolis from Boian Culture. Donea Şerbănescu was a part at all these surveys, and all the archaeological material and all of the artefacts that had been discovered, were brought at the city museum.

Between 1972-1983, Donea Şerbănescu, undertook rescue excavations in the archaeological sites from Valea Mostiştei: at "Piscul Coconi", Sultana, the points "Gheţărie", "Odaia Pisc", Valea Orbului" and "Valea Curăteştiului", and after those in the eneolithic tell of Vlădiceasca, Valea Argovei., from which came an important archaeological material for the museum.

Between the years 1971-1974, the survey of "Gorgana Doua" began in collaboration with researcher Sebastian Morintz from The Institute of Archaeology. In 2005 the survey of Radovanu had been resumed and extended for all the hamlet complex of "Coadele". The Geto-Dacian site from here is formed from the settlements which surrounds the two „davas". Here we find older settlements from Gumelniţa Culture, from the transition Bronze Age (and many artefacts from this period). That been said, the two researchers found here another civilization, The Radovanu Culture, evolving in the latest era of the Bronze Age. The area of Radovanu Culture is the south of Romanian Plain. The archaeological surveys from this complex are ongoing.

In 1974, during the survey of "Valea Mostiştei", began the research of Boian necropolis of Sultana-"Valea Orbului". Until 2007, a number of 253 inhumation tombs were researched, from which we have in the patrimony beaded necklaces, made form shells, bracelets and some tools. The survey in this complex will continue in the future campaigns.

In 1988-1989, during the construction of Dunăre-Marea Neagră channel, they undertook rescue excavations in Chirnogi where two necropolis from Gumelniţa Culture and one from the ninth and tenth centuries A.C. Had been researched. The damage done by the excavators had made that only a few graves could be studied.

In 1991 began the systematic research of archaeological complex of "D-aia Parte", situated on the lake shore of Cătălui, Căscioarele.

Between the years 1991-1996 the campaign was led by Donea Şerbănescu, and part of his team was Valeriu Sârbu. They identified a getic fortress from the forth and third centuries B.C. with a very interesting defensive system. They established the stratigraphy of the site and found two inhumation tombs from Tei Culture.

In 2002 they resumed the surveys in this site, having Paul Damian from The National Museum in charge. Both Paul Damian and Valeriu Sârbu (from the Museum of Brăila) studied in many campaigns the defensive system of the west wing, and Donea Şerbănescu studied a house from Gumelniţa Culture A1. The surveys from this site are still on going.

Online Bibliographic Resources

Archaeological Materials and Researches (MCA);

The Chronic of Archaeological Researches from Romania 1983-2013;

National Archaeoloical Repertoir

Cultură şi Civilizaţie la Dunărea de Jos

Periodical Culture and Civilization at the Lower Danube is an annual review of the Museum of the Lower Danube city of Calarasi.


The first issue of the publication, appeared in 1985 and since then have been printed 28 numbers. Most of the content of magazine articles are devoted to studies of archeology, but you can also found articles on history, culture and civilization, ethnographic or numismatic topics. Part of the publication numbers were made around themes like art unique, relationships between museums, monuments, tourism, link between Orient and Occident, numismatics. Other numbers include monographic studies about the Middle Neolithic and the Lower Danube or tributes and commemorations of Romanian archaeologists: Silvia Marinescu balcu, Nicholas Conovici Vladimir Dumitrescu.
Digital facsimile volumes:
I - 1985 (pdf 22 MB);
II - 1986
(pdf 27 MB);
III-IV - 1987 (pdf 24 MB);
V, VI, VII - 1988-1989 (pdf 12 MB);
VIII - 1990 (pdf 8 MB), The Neolothic Complex of Radovanu;
IX - 1991 (pdf 20 MB)
X - 1993 (pdf 8 MB);
XI - 1993
(pdf 13 MB); Vladimir Dumitrescu, People and shards;
XII - 1994
(pdf 10 MB);
XIII, XIV - 1995 (pdf 12 MB);
XV - 1997
(pdf 21 MB), Prehistoire du Das Danube / Prehistory of the Lower Danube;
XVI, XVII - 2001 (pdf 10 MB), The Prehistory of Lower Danube;
XVIII - 2001 (pdf 12 MB);
XIX - 2002 (pdf 12 MB), Vladimir Dumitrescu – 100 years from birth;
XX - 2003 (pdf 40 MB), The Middle Neolithic at the Lower Danube, regarding especially the Centre of Muntenia;;
XXI - 2004 (pdf 6 MB), Do we still need Art?;
XXII - 2005 (pdf 22 MB), In Honorem Silvia Marinescu-Bîlcu;
XXIII - 2006 (pdf 30 MB), The Catalog of Art Collections;
XXIV - 2008 (pdf 44 MB);
XXV - 2008 (pdf 21 MB), Mélanges à la mémoire de Niculae Conovici;
XXVI - 2008 (pdf 14 MB), Numismatics;
XXVII - 2009 (pdf 13 MB), Museum, Monuments and tourism at the Lower Danube;
XXVIII - 2011 (pdf 28 MB), Orient and Occident.

Colecţia bibliografică Eugen şi Maria Comşa

The Bibliographic Collection Eugen and Maria Comsa

The bibliographic collection created by archaeologists Eugen and Maria Comsa contains mainly publications in periodicals, written in different languages (Romanian, French, German, English). Its digitization undertaken by the Directorate of Research, Mobile Records Heritage, Intangible and Digital (CIMEC) of the National Institute of Heritage appears as a natural step in the context of European recommendations for the enhancement of cultural heritage through digitization. In addition to articles, the collection also contains celluloid films and photos from trips that Eugen and Maria Comsa have taken abroad and the numerous excavation campaigns on various archaeological sites. A special component is a series of personal items of memorabilia type: badges from conferences, maps, plans, drawings made during the excavation campaigns, memories activity, notebooks, etc.

Catalogul sculpturilor eneolitice din Muzeul Raional Oltenița

Silvia Marinescu Bilcu, Barbu Ionescu The Catalog of eneolithic sculptures from the Oltenita District Museum, Sibiu,1967, 43 pg., 7 pl.

This volume constitutes a catalog that presents sculptures in clay, marble and bone collections Olteniţa District Museum, now the Museum of Gumelniţa Civilization. The authors grouped the objects presented by material they are made of (clay, bone, marble) and forms and types of representations. Particularly because of the frequency in all types Gumelniţa resorts, the authors decided to focus their work on outstanding specimens. For pieces from excavations are given precise instructions on sections, housing archaeological levels have been found, and for those from chance discoveries or research area are provided indications of where and when they were found.


Addresss: The Gumelnita Civilization Museum, Argeșului street no. 101, 915400 Oltenița, Călărași County, Romania.
Phone/fax: 0242.511.174

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Program and access

The Museum of Gumelnița Culture

Program: Monday-Friday 8 a.m. - 16 p.m.

Entrance fee: General entrance: 2 lei;
Discounted tickets (for seniors, students and children): 1 leu.

Photographed items: - Individuals 20 lei - Corporations 100 lei.
Guide for groups 1-10 people 10 lei, more then 10 people 20 lei.