Gumelniţa Culture

In the second half of the fifth millennium B.C. In the south of Romania evolved Gumelniţa Culture, who was named after Magura Gumelniţa what lies 4 km northeast of the city of Olteniţa. Gumelniţa Culture was the most advanced civilization in Europe at that time, the bearers of this culture is in a state of social and economic development, similar to those of contemporary civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, the cradle of civilization of mankind. The distribution area of this culture includes all Muntenia, southern Moldova, Dobrogea, east Bulgaria, reaching south to the Aegean Sea. The characteristic settlements of this culture are tells, with heights reaching sometimes up to 12, 5 m or 15 m (in Borduşani Hârsova). The economy was based on crop cultivation, animal taming, hunting, fishing and gathering. By plane were made flint tools like axes, blades, scrapers, chisels, drills, tips for spears and arrows and axes were made by grinding stone plate, hammer axes, chisels, adzes, etc. Bone tools are quite numerous.



Descarcă catalogul: Muzeul Civilizaţiei Gumelniţa – Olteniţa, editura Eurogama Invest S.R.L., Bucureşti 2005. (pdf, 8 MB)





Addresss: The Gumelnita Civilization Museum, Argeșului street no. 101, 915400 Oltenița, Călărași County, Romania.
Phone/fax: 0242.511.174

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Program and access

The Museum of Gumelnița Culture

Program: Monday-Friday 8 a.m. - 16 p.m.

Entrance fee: General entrance: 2 lei;
Discounted tickets (for seniors, students and children): 1 leu.

Photographed items: - Individuals 20 lei - Corporations 100 lei.
Guide for groups 1-10 people 10 lei, more then 10 people 20 lei.